Bond reminds us of how
history repeats itself ad nauseum.
is helping Afghans fight the Russians, US
not because of altruism or concern but for payback.
The premise of our involvement is to bog down the
Russians and see casualties by helping the Afghans as the
Russians helped the Viet Cong.
The pettiness of this motivation is exacerbated by the
use of opium to fund the purchase of weapons
in order to maintain the "blackness" of the operation.
Redeeming aspects of the book are the dog and the
love affair between Leo and Sophie.
I'm enough of a student of history to be familiar with Bond's fiction and realize that a great deal of his speculation is fact not fiction.
This book may have been received free of charge from a publisher or a publicist. That will NEVER have a bearing on my recommendations.